It is important to diagnose a traumatic brain injury (TBI) quickly so that proper treatment can be given. Some conditions, like bleeding in the brain, can turn fatal when left unchecked.
However, many brain injuries are closed-head injuries. With these, a person may appear to be fine physically. There will not necessarily be any bleeding, lacerations, fractures or other signs of injury. Do not make the mistake of assuming this means the brain itself is uninjured.
Instead, watch out for these potential signs and symptoms:
- Losing consciousness. This could last for minutes or it could be as short as a few seconds.
- Having headaches, especially those that will not go away.
- Feeling disoriented and dazed.
- Sleeping far more than normal and always feeling exhausted.
- Having trouble sleeping and dealing with insomnia-like symptoms.
- Vomiting or feeling constant nausea.
- Always feeling drowsy, whether or not you can sleep.
- Losing your balance or dealing with consistent dizziness.
- Having issues speaking, such as slurring your words.
- Feeling extra sensitive to sounds or light.
- Dealing with other sensory problems, from a ringing in your ears to blurred vision to having trouble smelling or tasting.
- Memory or concentration problems
- Having quickly shifting moods or seeing an overall change in your mood that persists.
- Feeling anxious all the time or dealing with depression when you did not deal with it before the head injury.
This is not an exhaustive list of all potential issues, but it is important to understand what types of warning signs to watch out for. If it turns out that you suffered a serious brain injury due to someone else’s negligence, make sure you know what legal options you have.
Source: Mayo Clinic, “Traumatic brain injury,” accessed April 16, 2018